Amannisahan (Chinese: 阿曼尼萨罕) is a film based on the real-life story of Amannisa Khan Nafisi, a sixteenth-century muqam singer, and later, queen of Yarkhand.
Saifuddin Azizi سەيپىدىن ئەزىزى 赛福鼎·艾则孜, former Chairman of the Xinjiang Autonomous Region, and at the time of publication, a vice-chairman in the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference. Azizi accompanied Mao on his 1949-1950 trip to Moscow to negotiate the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship.
- Munire Mulading 穆尼热·木拉丁plays Amannisa Khan
Tuerxunjiang 图尔逊江 and Shadike Nijiati 沙迪克·尼加提 portray leading men.
Young Amannisa, born to a peasant family, is a beautiful and gifted performer. One day, her beauty and singing captivate the prince Abdurashid Khan while he is out hunting. Eventually, the two marry. Although she is now a princess, Amannisa Khan continues to face discrimination because of her humble origins. She strives to gain acceptance in the royal court by mastering Muqam ئۇيغۇر ئون ئىككى مۇقامى or Weiwuer Mukamu 维吾尔木卡姆, a traditional form of Uyghur music. With the encouragement of her husband, Amannisa Khan dedicates her life to learning, collectaing, and compiling Muqam scripts.
Amannisa Han provides an snapshot of the dynamics of cultural negotiation between the Han-Chinese film industry and the cultural aspirations of the Uyghur nation. In the film, Mugam music is used to present a combined Han-Chinese and Uyghur examination of the Uyghur nation. It provides a point of contrast between Uyghur and Chinese cultures. There is a timelessness to the narrative that is disrupted only by the presence of a Ming official, a prominent audience member in the court during a scene featuring a music and dance performance; it is the only indication of historical time within the film. The Ming official is also depicted as a complete foreigner: he has been invited to the Khan’s palace for the concert whose purpose is to put the rich culture and wealth of the kingdom on display. The kingdom portrayed in the film is not simply Xinjiang, a province of China, but Uyghuristan, an independent nation.